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數位閱讀次數( 32 )
識別號0000093333
題名103年人工增雨計畫(光碟版)Supporting Program on Cloud Seeding in Taiwan
作者
ISBN9789860435412
出版項
台北市 : , 10312
版本項初版
分類號328.89
編號(GPN/EBN)1010302857
委辦計畫編號MOEAWRA1030168
中文摘要就水資源供應觀點而論,台灣的水資源供水的可靠度相對較低,若能進行人工增雨適時增加降水量,除作為緊急因應乾旱之防救措施外,亦是提高水源供應可靠度的方法。目前全球都同樣面臨水資源不均的問題,且有超過25個國家已投入人工增雨之研究和進行常態作業,包括美國、以色列和中國大陸等。 實施人工增雨改造降雨環境、增加降雨量,除做為緊急因應乾旱之防救措施外,亦是提高水源供應可靠度的方法;加上近年乾旱頻常,民眾在每次旱象消息公佈後,亦會促請政府實施人工增雨作業以增加降雨。因此,持續辦理人工增雨實作,除有預防及延緩旱象之實質效益外,亦有助於政府形象之塑造。
英文摘要Cloud seeding, not only a measure for relieving drought but also increasing the reliability of water supply, has been operating for a long time by WRA. Past studies indicated that the adverse over-seeding effect is not obvious in Taiwan, so the warm-cloud procedure can be executed all year round. The main purpose of this project is to assist WRA to advance the affairs about rain enhensement. Moreover, according to the operational experiences, although the better seeding results usually accompanied with the significant synoptic weather systems, the cloud seeding program under warm-season afternoon thunderstorm environment is still need to be established. Additionally, the convenience and safty of operation and coorperation of more units should be promoted futher. Eight major items, helpful for reinforcing the promotion of the rain-enhencement policy, have been completed during this year. This report gives the details of each item. Some important implementation results are summarized as follows: 1. Regular cloud-seeding weather watch was provided twice a week at least. 2. Eight successful seeding actions were completed with service-team offered assistances such as coordination of WRA sub-units, analysis of favorable weather environment, and strategic decision of flare burning. 3. Four agencies-cross meeting and training, the professional response to the comments of public, and the preliminary survey about the usage of Taiwan-made flare were conducted. 4. Prodeeded the maintenance of operating messages and domestic/international drought news in drought web-site. 5. After operational test, the wireless flare launching controller is more convient and safer for field operations than the previous (cable) version. 6. The sudden increase of Intra-cloud (IC) flash could be used to mark the timing on cloud seeding operation under the environment in favor of afternoon thunderstorm developing. The preliminary operational process has been suggested also. 7. One failed flare controller was repaired well and ten sets of on-the-scene noteboard for road warning were designed and delivered. 8. The purchases of 80 ICE flares were completed.
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