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數位閱讀次數( 13 )
識別號0000100554
題名106年水利署災害緊急應變小組服務團計畫(內附光碟)=2017 Service Corps of Disaster Emergency Operation Team of WRA
作者
ISBN9789860554656
出版項
台北市 : , 10703
版本項初版
分類號575.87
編號(GPN/EBN)1010700316
委辦計畫編號MOEAWRA1060125
中文摘要依『災害防救法』第三條第二款規定,經濟部為水(旱)災中央災害防救業務主管機關,負責指揮、督導及協調水(旱)災災害防救各級相關行政機關及公共事業執行及各項水災災害預防、緊急應變及災後復原重建工作。 水(旱)災災害防救業務除平時之減災整備外,災害預警及應變工作為緊急事件之處置,與一般經常性業務於執行方法及作業時間上皆存在極大之差異。如何有效提供及運用專業人力以協助本署於颱風豪雨或枯旱期間進行氣候、水資源分析及防汛期間進行災害應變、預警及前置作業,係當前刻不容緩之重要課題。 105年歷經5場颱風及79場豪雨應變,除水利署人員外,尚需具備氣象及防災等專業人力,本計畫研擬運用專業機構之專業能力及充足人力資源,平時進行氣候及水資源分析,即時監測與守視颱風或豪雨天氣系統,並進行災害規模及可能淹水區域預判;於災中進行颱風或大豪雨侵襲潛勢,以協助掌握災情狀況,並於災後提供應變檢討資訊及撰寫應變處置報告,以利應變作業順遂。
英文摘要As stipulated by the Article 3 Item 2 of the “Disaster Prevention and Protection Act”, Ministry of Economic Affairs is the central regulatory authority for water and drought disaster prevention and protection, in charge of conducting, supervising and coordinating related administrative agencies in all levels; executing public affairs; and disaster prevention, response and recovery works. In addition to disaster reduction and preparation, there exists a great difference within water and drought disaster prevention and protection operation in terms of methods of execution and operation time between handling urgent events such as disaster pre-warning and response and general normal operation. Drought disaster response focuses on developing and conserving water resources; it requires regular climate and water information analysis of the professionals. Water disaster response focuses on urgent handling measures such as the preparatory deployment of disaster prevention and protection resources, inundation potential assessment based on weather information during disaster, and issuing early warning for disaster avoidance. The manpower and specialty required by the disaster prevention and protection and the process of urgency response has a characteristic of high demand in a short time, depending on the number and duration of the drought, typhoon, heavy rain and all types of disaster in a given year. Therefore, how to effectively provide and utilize professional manpower to assist the Water Resource Agency in conducting climate and water resources analysis during drought, and conducting disaster response, pre-warning and preparatory operation during flood defense, are the concurrent vital issues that demand immediate actions. This team plans to utilize the capability and ample manpower resource of professional organizations to assist Water Resource Agency in the following tasks: 1. International disaster analysis. 2. Conducting water and drought disaster review and promotion conferences. 3. Assisting the duty on water and drought disaster response. 4. Compiling annual water disaster prevention results. 5. Assisting the water disaster command post exercise. 6. Maintenance and operation of flood warning calculation module 7. Research and development, maintenance and operation of the disaster prevention decision making support system. 8. Maintenance and operation of the lesson learned center and its data base. 9. Other unscheduled assignments. This team expects to deliver the results of accomplishing international disaster analysis; conducting the water and drought disaster review and promotion conferences; fulfilling the water and drought disaster response duty; finishing with compiling the annual water disaster prevention results, assisting the water disaster command post exercise, maintenance and operation of flood warning calculation module, maintaining and operating the disaster prevention decision making support system, maintaining and operating the lesson learned center and its data base, and other assigned tasks.
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